Ground Reaction Force In The Kinetic Analysis Of The Sporting Gesture Shot In Lower Limbs

  • Rodrigo Gontijo Cunha Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Fernando Esquírio Torres Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Renato Amaro Zângaro Universidade Anhembi Morumbi


The adapted sports emerged in the postwar period, with the aim of rehabilitating and reintegrating amputees and spinal cord injuries. Among the team sports there is the amputee soccer, which has, recently, been target of tactics and biomechanical evaluations to assess performance and direct the training of players. Thus, this study has the objective of analyzing the behavior of components of the Ground Reaction Force (GRF) associated with risk of injury to the musculoskeletal system generated by the support of both lower limbs of amputated athletes, compared with non-amputee athletes. Therefore, here, it is possible to observe that the evaluated athletes adapted to amputation differently, presenting forces with significant differences in comparison to non-amputees. Confronting the literature data and those presented by this study, it can be inferred that amputated and non-amputated athletes have a considerable difference regarding the values of mediolateral GRF, anteroposterior GRF and duration of support, when the amputees support for the soccer kick requires the use of crutches. A better understanding and monitoring of the kicking sporting gesture in amputees soccer needs more studies in order to increase the life quality and performance of the athletes.
Scientific articles